Editorial Practices at The Frederick Douglass Papers Edition

Editorial methodology, rationale, and standards: A Bibliography

Eclectic Textual Editing Methodology
Bowers, Fredson. Bibliography and Textual Criticism. Oxford: Clarendon, 1964.
----------. Essays in Bibliography, Text, and Editing. Charlottesville: Bibliographical Society of the University of Virginia, 1975.
----------. Principles of Bibliographic Description. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1949; rpt. New York: Russell & Russell, 1962.
----------. Textual and Literary Criticism. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1959.
----------. “Textual Criticism,” in The Aims and Methods of Scholarship in Modern Languages and Literatures. 2nd edition. Edited by James Thorpe. New York: MLA, 1970: 29–54.
Gaskell, Philip. A New Introduction to Bibliography.  New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1972.
----------. From Writer to Reader: Studies in Editorial Method. Oxford: Clarendon, 1978.
Tanselle, G. Thomas. “Textual Scholarship.” In Introduction to Scholarship in Modern Languages and Literatures. Edited by Joseph Gibaldi.New York: MLA, 1981, 29–52.
----------. A Rationale of Textual Criticism. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1989.
----------. "Textual Instability and Editorial Idealism.” Studies in Bibliography, 49 (1996), 1–60.
----------. Literature and Artifacts. Charlottesville: Bibliographical Society of the University of Virginia, 1998.
----------. “Literary Editing,” in Literary and Historical Editing, ed. George L. Vogt and John Bush Jones (1981), 35–56. Reprinted as “Texts of Documents and Texts of Works,” in Textual Criticism and Scholarly Editing (1990) 3–23.

Copy-Text Rationale
Bowers, Fredson. “Current Theories of Copy-Text, with an Illustration from Dryden.” Modern Philology, 48 (1950–51): 12–20.
----------. “McKerrow’s Editorial Principles for Shakespeare Reconsidered.” Shakespeare Quarterly, 6 (1955): 309–24.
----------. “The Method for a Critical Edition.” In On Editing Shakespeare and the Elizabethan Dramatists. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Library, 1955.
----------. “Established Texts and Definitive Editions.” Philological Quarterly, 41 (1962): 1–17.
----------. “Some Principles for Scholarly Editions of Nineteenth-Century American Authors.” Studies in Bibliography, 17 (1964), 223–28.
----------. “Practical Texts and Definitive Editions.” In Two Lectures on Editing. Charlton Hinman and Fredson Bowers. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1969, 21–70.
----------. “New Problems and Concepts of Copy-Text.” Library, 5th Series, 27 (1972): 81–115.
----------. “The Ecology of American Literary Texts.“ Scholarly Publishing, 4 (1973): 133–140.
----------. “Scholarship and Editing.” Papers of the Bibliographical Society of America, 70 (1976): 161–88.
----------. “Greg’s ‘Rationale of Copy-Text’ Revisited.” Studies in Bibliography, 31 (1978): 146.
Greg, W. W. “McKerrow’s Prolegomena Reconsidered.” Review of English Studies, 17 (1941): 139 ;49.
----------. “The Rationale of Copy-Text.” Reprinted in his Collected Papers, ed. J. C. Maxwell. Oxford: Clarendon, 1966, 374–91.
----------. The Editorial Problem in Shakespeare. 2nd ed.  Oxford: Clarendon, 1951
Greetham, D.C. “Textual Scholarship,” in Introduction to Scholarship in Modern Languages and Literatures, ed. Joseph Bivaldi, (2nd ed., 1992), 103–37.
----------. Textual Scholarship: An Introduction. New York: Garland, 1992; rpt. 1994.
Tanselle, G. Thomas. “Greg’s Theory of Copy-Text and the Editing of American Literature.” Studies in Bibliography, 28 (1975), 167–229.  Reprinted in his Textual Criticism Since Greg.

Authorial Intention
Bowers, Fredson. “Recovering the Author’s Intentions.” Pages, 1 (1976): 218–27.
----------. “Authorial Intention and Editorial Problems.” Text, 5 (1991): 49–62.
----------. Flawed Texts and Verbal Icons, Literary Authority in American Fiction. Evanston: Northwestern University Press, 1984.
McLaverty, James. “The Concept of Authorial Intention in Textual Criticism.” The Library, Sixth Series, 6 (1984): 121–38.
Stillinger, Jack. Multiple Authorship and the Myth of Solitary Genius. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991.
Tanselle, G. Thomas. “The Editorial Problem of Final Authorial Intention.” Studies in Bibliography, 29 (1976): 167–211.

Manuscript Editing Traditions
Bowers, Fredson. “Transcription of Manuscripts: The Record of Variants.” Studies in Bibliography, 29 (1976): 212–64.
Dearing, Vinton. Principles and Practice of Textual Analysis. Berkeley, CA: University of California, 1974.
Greg, W. W. The Calculus of Variants. Oxford: Clarendon, 1927.
Maas, Paul. Textual Criticism. Trans. Barbara Flower. Oxford: Clarendon, 1958.
McKerrow, R. B. Notes on Bibliographical Evidence for Literary Students and Editors of English Works of the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries. Blades, East & Blades, 1914.
----------. Prolegomena for the Oxford Shakespeare: A Study in Editorial Method. Oxford: Clarendon, 1939.
Gabler, Hans Walter, ed. Contemporary German Editorial Theory. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1995.
Reiman, Donald H. The Study of Modern Manuscripts: Public, Confidential, and Private. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins, 1993.
Tanselle, G. Thomas. “The Editing of Historical Documents.” Studies in Bibliography, 31 (1978): 1–56.
----------. “Classical, Biblical, and Medieval Textual Criticism and Modern Editing.” Studies in Bibliography, 36 (1983), 21–68.

Collation and Apparatus Lists
De Tienne, André. “Selecting Alterations for the Apparatus of a Critical Edition.” TEXT, 9 (1996): 33–62.
Hinman, Charlton. “Mechanized Collation at the Houghton Library." Harvard Library Bulletin, 9 (1955): 132–134.
Smith, Steven Escar. “Armadillos of Invention: A Census of Mechanical Collators.” Studies in Bibliography, 55 (2002): 133–170.
Tanselle, G. Thomas. “Some Principles for Editorial Apparatus” in Tanselle’s Selected Studies in Bibliography (1979), 403–50.
Zalewski, Daniel. “Through the Looking Glass [The McLeod Collator],” Lingua Franca (June-July 1997):14–15.

Modern Language Association Guidelines: The Center for Editions of American Authors and the Committee for Scholarly Editions
Bruccoli, Matthew. “A Few Missing Words,” PMLA, 86:4, (1971), Directory. 587–589.
Davis, Tom. “The CEAA and Modern Textual Editing.” Library, 5th Series 32 (1977): 61–74.
Greetham, D. C., ed. Scholarly Editing: A Guide to Research, New York: Modern Language Association of America, 1995.
The Modern Language Association’s Committee for Scholarly Editions. An Introductory Statement.  New York: Modern Language Association of America, April 1977; rpt. PMLA 92 (1977), 586–597.
The Modern Language Association’s Center for Editions of American Authors. Statement of Editorial Principles and Procedures. Revised edition. New York: MLA, 1972.
The Modern Language Association’s Committee on Scholarly Editions. Aims and Services of the Committee on Scholarly Editions. New York: Modern Language Association of America, 1992. Pamphlet.
Williams, William Proctor and Craig S. Abbott. An Introduction to Bibliographical and Textual Studies. 3rd Edition. New York: The Modern Language Association, 1999.

Critiques of Eclectic Textual Editing
McGann, Jerome J. A Critique of Modern Textual Criticism. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1983; rpt. (pb.) Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1992.
----------. The Textual Condition. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1991.
----------. “What Is Critical Editing?” Text 5 (1991): 15–30.
McKenzie, D. F. Bibliography and the Sociology of Texts. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1999.
Parker, Hershel. “The Determinacy of the Creative Process and the ‘Authority’ of the Author’s Textual Decisions.” College Literature, 10 (1983): 99–125.
----------. “Melville and the Concept of ‘Author’s Final Intentions.’” Proof, 1 (1971): 156–68.
----------. “The ‘New Scholarship’: Textual Evidence and Its Implications for Criticism, Literary Theory, and Aesthetics.” Studies in American Fiction, 9 (1981): 181–197.
Peckham, Morse. “Reflections on the Foundations of Modern Textual Editing,” Proof 1 (1971): 122–55.
Thorpe, James. Principles of Textual Criticism. San Marino, CA: Huntington Library, 1972.

Discussions of Editing Methodology
Bornstein, George. Material Modernism: The Politics of the Page. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2001.
Bornstein, George, ed. Representing Modernist Texts: Editing as Interpretation. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1991.
Bornstein, George, and Ralph G. Williams, eds. Palimpsest: Editorial Theory in the Humanities. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1993.
Cohen, Philip, ed. Devils and Angels: Textual Editing and Literary Theory. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1991.
Greetham, D. C. Theories of the Text. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.
----------. “Textual Forensics.” Special Topic: The Status of Evidence, PMLA, 111:1 (Jan. 1996) 32–51.
----------. Textual Transgressions: Essays toward the Construction of a Biobibliography. New York: Garland, 1998.
----------. Textual Scholarship: An Introduction. New York: Garland, 1992; rpt. 1994.
----------, ed. The Margins of the Text. Ann Arbor: University Michigan Press, 1997.
----------, ed. Scholarly Editing: A Guide to Research. New York: Modern Language Association of America, 1995.
Mailloux, Steven. Interpretive Conventions, The Reader in the Study of American Fiction. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1982, rpt. 1984.
----------. “Reading Typos, Reading Archives,” College English, 61.5 (May 1999): 584–590.
Myerson, Joel. “Some Comments on the Bibliographical Concept of ‘Issue’.” South Central Review, 5:1 (Spring 1988), 8–16.
Tanselle, G. Thomas, “The Prospect for Textual Criticism.” Raritan (Summer 2005): 137–146
Shillingsburg, Peter. Resisting Texts: Authority and Submission in Constructions of Meaning. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1998.

Electronic Textual Editing
Bass, Randy. “Story and Archive in the Twenty-First Century.” College English, 61.6 (Jul. 1999) 659–670.
Finneran, Richard J. The Literary Text in the Digital Age. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1996.
Leitner, Gerhard, ed. New Directions in English Language Corpora: Methodology, Results, Software Developments. Berlin and New York: Mouton de Gruyter, 1992.
McGann, Jerome J. “Culture and Technology: The Way We Live Now, What Is to Be Done?” New Literary History, 36.1 (Winter 2005): 71-82.
----------. “Literary Scholarship in the Digital Future.” Chronicle of Higher Education, 49:16 (13 December 2002): 387–.
----------. The Point is to Change It: Literature in the Continuing Present. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 2007.
----------. Radiant Textuality: Literature after the World Wide Web. New York: Palgrave/St. Martin’s, 2001.
----------. The Scholar’s Art. Literature and Scholarship in an Administered World. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2006.
Renear, Allen. “Theory and Practice: The Textbase Methodology of the Brown University Women Writers Project.” Creating a Literary Series: The Brown University Women Writers Project and the Oxford University Press ‘Women Writers in English, 1350-1850,’" South Central Review, 11 no. 2 (Summer 1994): 99–117.
Shillingsburg, Peter L. Scholarly Editing in the Computer Age. 3rd Edition. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1996.
----------. From Gutenberg to Google: Electronic Representations of Literary Texts. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2006
Unsworth, John. “The Importance of Failure.” The Journal of Electronic Publishing, 3 no.2 (December, 1997).
Unsworth, John, Susan Schreibman and Ray Siemans, eds. A Companion to Digital Humanities, co-edited with Susan Schreibman and Ray Siemens. New York: Blackwells, 2004.
Unsworth, John, Lou Burnard and Katherine O’Brien O’Keefe. Electronic Textual Editing. New York: MLA, 2006.